Kopaonik National Park
Kopaonik National Park is located in the central part of the Republic of Serbia. Because of its natural values, in 1981, Kopaonik was declared a national park. The Kopaonik National Park covers an area of 11,810 hectares and is one of the most important centers of biodiversity of the endemic flora of Serbia in terms of the number of endemic species. The National Park represents a law protected and precisely limited landscape that is maintained in the natural state. In it are protected animal and plant world, reliefs, erosive, accumulation, glacial and other forms of natural rarity. The first national park in the world was declared in Yelowstone in the United States in 1872 (the State of Wyoming). In Europe, the first established National Park – Engadin in Switzerland in 1909. Fruska Gora, Tara, Kopaonik, Djerdap and Sar Mountain were declared for the National Park in Serbia.
Kopaonik is located between the river Ibra and Sitnica in the west, Laba in the southeast, Jošanice and Koznik rivers in the north while the eastern side is surrounded by the valley of the Rasina and Toplice river. The deep valleys and the Kopaonik gorge were cut by the Barska and Lisinska rivers on the west side, Duboka and Brzećka the river on the eastern side, and the Gypsy River and the Gobelj River on the north side. Both together with the Samokov River, the central Kopaonic waterway, affect the distribution of the flora and fauna and mark Kopaonik. Kopaonik is characterized by a diverse geological structure with walls of different origin and age (serpentinites, granites, shards, marbles, andesites, limestone). Today’s forms of relief Kopaonik created, for many years, processes of erosion and rinsing.
The mining wealth gave the name Kopaonik, where the ore was dug out of the earliest times. Volcanic activity and hot mineral melt caused changes on the walls due to high temperatures and strong pressures. Thus, a “copper ore area” was created with a large number of mines in which metal ores, lead and zinc metals, as well as rare metals of silver and gold and rare minerals can be found: volostonite, fluorite and asbestos. Kopaonik is not a source of large rivers due to relatively small annual precipitation, but there is a thick network of small surface flows that come from many sources from the entire surface of this mountain, some of which are cold water, some are medicated with increased radioactivity and mineralization of water.
The most famous springs on Kopaonik,
are: Marine water, Krčmar water, Pajino preslo, Javor fountain, Kaznovske barrel. – During the Samokovska River, the largest aquatic arteries in Kopaonik, small waterfalls and beech are formed, while on the Zaplaninska River a multipurpose fountain of Jelovarnik is formed, in the length of 80 meters. – Kopaonik is famous for interesting hydrological phenomena with shakers and fireplaces. The shakes occur as a result of the large evaporation of many streams and bars and are over 1000 years old. The biggest shaking on Kopaonik is Jankov bar. The firewood is a natural pollution from bushes that retain water. Usually the chips become shaky.
In the area of Kopaonik there are several Urvine lakes. The largest lake is Lake Semete, which is located 900 meters in the attic of the village of Semeteš below the Orlovac visa. The semetech lake is circular in shape, 60m in diameter. It receives water from underwater sources, and to a lesser extent from two sources above the lake. Underwater resources are due to the fact that the lake is practically impossible to measure the depth, because they are so deep and wide to practically represent a part of the lake. The average water temperature is 10 ° C, while in July and August it reaches 20 ° C. On the lake formed the so-called. “Floating islands” on which there is a plant. When wind blowing, the islands are moving along the lake, which is an attraction to the lake’s visitors (riding along the lake). The lake is carved with carp, and “old people” are tritons (Salamandra salamandra) – a species of repatriated amphibians from the family of Salamanders with poorly developed legs in our nation more commonly known as dwarfs. Southwest of the Yosanic Spa there are two more urchin lakes: Gornje (Dugacko) and Donje (Small) lake.
Zbog povoljne klime, broja sunčanih dana u godini, geomorfološke raznovrsnosti Kopaonik je izuzetno pogodan za razvoj turizma. Kopaonik pruža posetiocima – ljubiteljima prirode, uživanje i lepe doživljaje…
U okviru Nacionalnog parka izgrađen je prelep turistički centar sa sistemom žičara i skijaških terena za alpsko i nordijsko skijanje.
Vodite računa o pravilima ponašanja u nacionalnom parku, koja su istaknuta na ulazu. Nije dozvoljeno samovoljno kampovanje i loženje varte na mestimagde to nije predviđeno. Takođe nije dozvoljeno branje gljiva, lekovitog bilja, hvatanje životinja, ribolov bez odobrenja uprave nacionalnog parka.
Zgrada Uprave Nacionalnog parka Kopaonik se nalaziu samom turističkom centru.